Tag: "variations" at medical news
Risk of birth complications varies between racial groups
...say their findings indicate that there are genetic variations
in gestational length and argue that increased foetal surveillance and growth monitoring from 40, rather than 41, weeks' gestation is needed for South Asian and black women....
Results of largest ever genome scan for autism out
...so scanned DNA from these families for copy number variations
(CNV), or sub-microscopic genomic insertions and deletions that scientists believe might be involved with this and other common diseases. The innovative combination of these two approaches implicates a previously unidentified region of chromosome ...
Mimicking how the brain recognizes street scenes
...pose, illumination, size, position, and many other variations
in appearances. Even a child's brain handles these contradictory tasks easily in rapid object recognition. Pixel-like information enters from the retina and passes in a fast feed-forward, bottom-up sweep through the hierarchical architecture of the...
NHLBI awards 12 Women's Health Initiative contracts
...genome-wide association study will examine genetic variations
associated with breast tumor characteristics. Since the studies are being done in women participating in the hormone therapy, calcium-vitamin D, and low fat diet trials and the investigators will have access to blood hormone and vitamin D levels in ...
Experts urge strongest isolation for new drug-resistant tuberculosis cases appearing in South Africa
...t dangerously in South Africa. They warn that new variations
of the disease now defeat many of the world's existing drugs and "the forced isolation and confinement of XDR-TB (extensively drug resistant tuberculosis) and MDR-TB (multiple drug resistant tuberculosis) infected individuals may be a proportionate r...
Survey reveals need for standardized oral chemotherapy prescribing practices, safeguards
...g number of cancers, we were not surprised to find variations
in how organizations prescribe and monitor the use.... Weingart said the survey revealed significant variations
in the manner prescriptions were generated at most centers and in the amount of information required...
Study finds major variation in Medicare Rx drug costs
...ithin one state for this patient was $10,382. The variations
in costs were smaller for the other three patients analyzed, but still sizable, with a $1,500 average in-state difference between highest- and lowest-cost plans for the non-insulin dependent diabetes patient (which went up to $1,700 average differenc...
Improved adherence to certain medications associated with longer survival following heart attack
...n the real world is less known, in part because of variations
in drug adherence, according to background information in the article. Although it is known that adherence to evidence-based medications predicts better survival, no population outcome study has attempted to differentiate whether these associations a...
Effective HIV control may depend on viral protein targeted by immune cells
...nses are not always effective. To investigate how variations
in CD8 response alter the ability to control HIV, the research team enrolled almost 600 South African patients who had not yet been treated for their HIV infections. The researchers comprehensively mapped the CD8 responses against all viral prote...
Researchers show surprising interaction between genes, gender and hypertension
...atients. "Our findings show that specific genetic variations
which give rise to receptors that might be target... documented several examples where particular gene variations
were observed to show directionally opposite effects on blood pressure in men and women. The resear...
CIHR-funded research in Kenya
...ay an important role in explaining the substantial variations
in the HIV epidemic in different parts of Africa, said Dr. Stephen Moses, principal investigator for the University of Manitoba. But now we have conclusive data demonstrating that male circumcision reduces the risk of HIV acquisition in men. The da...
Novel brain areas associated with the recognition of gender, ethnicity and the identity of faces
...to be an automatic process. "Adults show large variations
in how good they are at recognizing faces, and if you are bad at it, it can be very stressful and embarrassing," says Fine. "Perhaps if we have a better understanding of how face categorization develops, we can eventually develop ways of helping peop...
NIAID media availability: Examining genetic variability of malaria parasite offers insight
...uencing Center, has revealed nearly 47,000 genetic variations
in the parasite's genome. The genetic diversity captured by this map will help researchers understand the parasite's evolution and study malarial drug resistance. Two companion studies being published simultaneously include one led by NIAID scientist...
Breastfeeding overcomes a genetic tendency toward ear infections, scientists discover
...s in families, and so we decided to look for small variations
what we call single-nucleotide polymorphisms,' or... risk. The researchers believe that the particular variations
detected cause greater production of inflammatory signaling molecules and reduce immune system effec...
Enhanced depression care may be cost-effective for employers
...quate or substandard, to reflect realistic quality variations
The cost of administering the depression screening was based on the cost of adding questions to existing health risk assessments for companies that currently administer them and of implementing new risk assessments for companies that do not Tre...
Hospital costs for children with flu may be higher than thought
...the direct medical costs to account for geographic variations
in those costs. "We found a broad range of hospital costs in the study, from approximately $7,000 each for patients treated only on the ward, to nearly $40,000 each for children cared for in the intensive care unit," said Dr. Keren. Children with l...
Dragon training in China focuses on atmosphere
...lly useful tools for analysing trends and seasonal variations
in atmospheric gases. The Global Ozone Monitoring by Occultation of Stars (GOMOS), Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) and the Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography (SCIAMACHY) instrume...
Oral lesions are commonly associated with the disease
...st commonly occurs is in the mouth. There are many variations
of the way lesions appear, but a few common types are: candidiasis, or "thrush," a fungal yeast infection; salivary gland enlargement; herpes simplex virus; inflammation of the gingiva; and canker sores. "Orofacial manifestations of HIV are common ...
Medical experts launch global campaign against salt
...html ) WASH research has highlighted the huge variations
in salt levels in the same food product purchased ...ed to stomach cancer and osteoporosis. These huge variations
in salt contents show that the excuses of the food industry that it is technically too difficult t...
German researchers develop first non-invasive test to measure skin aging
... skin that gets exposed in deep abrasions. Large variations
appeared from patient to patient, and even from on...ethods. In particular, it is impossible to monitor variations
in the very same spot as aging progresses. "You would like to measure changes in collagen content ov...
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