Tag: "ventilated" at medical news
Low hospital staff levels increase infection rates
...es or being unable to provide adequate care to the ventilated
patient. The nurses training level had no effect on infection rates. The authors concluded that this study backs up findings from their earlier general study on ICU infection risks, namely that employing more than two nurses per patient per day w...
Intensive-care patients with alcohol problems are more likely to require mechanical ventilation
...tates, even though the hospital mortality rate for ventilated
patients can approach 50 percent. New findings indicate that medical patients with an alcohol-use disorder (AUD) are more likely to require mechanical ventilation, and/or need it for a longer period of time. Results are published in the July issue...
Opening windows may be the best way of preventing transmission of airborne infection
... ventilation more than double that of mechanically ventilated
negative-pressure rooms and 18 times that of rooms...llege London, compared the airflow in 70 naturally ventilated
clinical rooms such as respiratory isolation rooms, TB wards, respiratory wards, general medical war...
Opening windows effective way of preventing transmission of TB
...d with 33% in modern and 11% in pre-1950 naturally ventilated
facilities with windows and doors open." Facilit...ngs, had greater ventilation than modern naturally ventilated
rooms. Some of these older facilities had been built especially for TB patients, along the design pr...
Under-18s spell out what they need to enjoy quality of life on a ventilator
...that the children's health improved when they were ventilated
and that they were able to experience life more fu...d their children were. Children who were being ventilated
as a result of a serious illness or accident were particularly depressed at the way people now viewe...
Sildenafil prevents rebound pulmonary hypertension in infants
...rapeutic agent to widen pulmonary blood vessels in ventilated
lung regions by relaxing pulmonary vascular smooth muscle. Although there have been no definitive studies of clinical benefit to date, the investigators believe that inhaled nitric oxide therapy warrants use as an adjunctive treatment in some of th...
CHEST 2006 abstract briefs
...city fell below 1 L. Twelve of these patients were ventilated
24 hours a day. Researchers concluded that the there is a high frequency of major noncardiopulmonary complications in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy and ventilator-assisted prolonged survival, and those therapies for these complications im...
Penn researchers use the abdomen to deliver oxygen to assist ailing lungs
...he system in adult pigs that were put to sleep and ventilated
with low concentrations of oxygen to simulate lung failure. Using this technique, they observed an increase in arterial oxygen saturation (the actual percentage of blood that's carrying oxygen) from 73% to 89%. Doctors generally aim to keep the oxyge...
Risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia cut significantly
...an oral decontaminant paste to treat 127 intubated ventilated
patients. The investigators treated a separate group of 128 ventilated
patients with a paste composed of chlorhexidine and the antibiotic colistin. A third group of 130 ve...
Many cleaners, air fresheners may pose health risks when used indoors
...narios included: Cleaning in a small, moderately ventilated
bathroom. In calculations based on emissions from ...-based glycol ethers and terpenes. Rooms should be ventilated
during and after cleaning, some products should be used in diluted solutions as opposed to full-stre...
Indoor air purifiers that produce even small amounts of ozone may be risky for health
Irvine, Calif.-- In a small, poorly ventilated
room, an indoor air purifier that produces even a few milligrams of ozone per hour can create an ozone level that exceeds public health standards, researchers at UC Irvine have found. Scientists also discovered that ozone produced by air purifiers ad...
Morphine and topical anaesthesia effective in treating procedural pain in newborn infants
...mized, double-blind, controlled trial included 132 ventilated
newborns in the neonatal intensive care units at SickKids and Mount Sinai Hospital, both located in Toronto, Canada, between June 2000 and July 2005. The amount of pain was determined by measuring the proportion of time the newborns displayed facial ...
Morphine and topical anesthesia found effective in treating pain in newborn infants
...d between October 2000 and July 2005, included 132 ventilated
newborns (average gestational age, 30.6 weeks at s... percutaneous central venous catheter placement in ventilated
neonates," the researchers conclude....
Hydrocortisone supplementation improves ventilator weaning
...ohort, the authors recommend that all mechanically ventilated
patients undergo an adrenal function test before weaning. The adrenal gland, which plays an important role in stress response, is situated atop the kidney and secrets various hormones essential to the function of many organ systems in the body. Corti...
Stress may increase long-term success of vaccinations
...f the mice in the current study were restrained in ventilated
wire mesh restrainers for two-and-a-half hours. This restraint created a brief spell of psychological stress, similar to the kind of anxiety a person anticipating an injection may feel. The rest of the mice the non-stressed group remained in their ...
Delirium in non-ventilated patients predictor of longer hospital stay
...tals. Delirium occurs in 60 to 80% of mechanically ventilated
patients and is independently associated with more...esults call for routine delirium monitoring of all ventilated
and non-ventilated patients in ICU's, a recommendation that is in line with the Society of Critical ...
The Cochrane Library newsletter, 2005, issue 2
...infants with acute bronchiolitis who are not being ventilated
and don't have any other accompanying illness. Bro...es oxygenation. This is particularly so in preterm ventilated
infants. But these children must have cardio respiratory monitoring. Due to the realisation that po...