Tag: "ventilation" at medical news
Inhaled nitric oxide safe for tiny preemie lungs, UCSF study finds
... and too weak to breathe independently. Mechanical ventilation
with oxygen keeps these infants alive but often results in chronic lung disease, or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), with severe inflammation and retarded development of the lungs. BPD is the most common long-term lung disease in premature infants...
Low hospital staff levels increase infection rates
... fifth of the 936 patients who received mechanical ventilation
during the study. The team found that when there were lower numbers of nurses, patients were more likely to catch pneumonia six days or more after being placed on a ventilator. This suggests that bacteria are transferred between patients, or fr...
Intensive-care patients with alcohol problems are more likely to require mechanical ventilation
More than 300,000 patients receive mechanical ventilation
during intensive care per year in the United State...: Clinical & Experimental Research . Mechanical ventilation
is associated with a high economic burden, costing a median $32,000 to $56,000 per patient, with you...
Tiny newborns face higher risk of death at community hospitals, Stanford/VA study finds
...week-gestation newborn who doesn't need mechanical ventilation
doesn't need to be in a big tertiary center. The extremely premature kids, however, do need that extra level of care." Phibbs and his co-workers linked birth certificates and hospital discharge records of more than 48,000 very-low-birth-weight infa...
Exercise science principles strengthen swallowing rehabilitation
... injury or even a tracheostomy tube and mechanical ventilation
needed to sustain life can make it impossible. Dysphagia, or swallowing problems, can also result from aging and accompanying loss of muscle strength. "We swallow a thousand times or more per day, just our own saliva, without even thinking about ...
Study finds role of mid-brain in integrating heart and respiratory response to exercise
... (HR), arterial blood pressure (ABP) and pulmonary ventilation
(VE) when they are altered by anticipation of exercise and actual exercise. They sought to establish whether the subcortical structures provide neural circuitry that is involved in the anticipatory cardiorespiratory response to exercise in humans. ...
Obesity may be linked to middle ear effusions in children
...7 (85 boys and 70 girls) who were treated with ear ventilation
tubes for otitis media with effusion between 2004 and 2006. The childrens body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol and triglyceride (a type of fat in the blood) levels were compared with those of 118 children (76 boys and 42 girls) who underwent ope...
Opening windows may be the best way of preventing transmission of airborne infection
... has shown that opening windows and doors provided ventilation
more than double that of mechanically ventilated n...000. Even at the lowest of wind speeds, natural ventilation
exceeded mechanical ventilation. Facilities built more than 50 years ago, characterized by large win...
Opening windows effective way of preventing transmission of TB
...indows can be more effective than using mechanical ventilation
at reducing the risk of transmission of airborne d...n, is the first to investigate the role of natural ventilation
by opening windows and doors for preventing the transmission of airborne infection. This simple and ...
Pacifier use assists in reducing the incidence of SIDS
... held inside the lips. Look for a pacifier with ventilation
holes in the shield, as they permit air passage. This is important if the pacifier accidentally becomes lodged in the child's throat. In order to prevent strangulation, do not place a cord around a child's neck to hold a pacifier. Look for pacif...
Research suggests better option for treating organophosphorus pesticide poisoning
... on the higher dose pralidoxime spent less time on ventilation
support (5 vs. 10 days) and had fewer deaths when compared with the control group (1 vs. 8 deaths). Dr Pawar concludes: although a small study, we report pronounced benefits from a high dose infusion of pralidoxime with moderately severe poisoning ...
Treatment discovered for deadly childhood disease
...cent, and reduced the risk of death or any type of ventilation
by 88 percent, compared to past patients without this treatment. "This form of enzyme replacement therapy markedly extended survival and improved respiratory performance in these children, with a majority of them showing normal growth and substanti...
Under-18s spell out what they need to enjoy quality of life on a ventilator
...r, smell better" said an eight year-old on 24-hour ventilation
via a tracheostomy. And a teenager who had just ac...dn't." In contrast, children who had depended on ventilation
for all or most of their lives, and knew nothing different, appeared to have adapted to their circum...
Sildenafil prevents rebound pulmonary hypertension in infants
...d significantly reduced the duration of mechanical ventilation
in intensive care unit (ICU) infants being withdra...om nitric oxide treatment. The total duration of ventilation
for patients given sildenafil was slightly over 28 hours, as compared with 98 hours for those taking...
'Umbrella' valve provides a potential alternative to lung surgery
...in the hospital." The one-way IBV TM Valve limits ventilation
in diseased areas of the lungs and redirects ventilation
to the remaining healthier portions of the lung while allowing for normal clearance of secretions. ...
Computer-driven system reduces patient mechanical ventilation time significantly
...an significantly reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation
and length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU...uterized system reduced the duration of mechanical ventilation
from 12 days to 7.5 days and cut patients' ICU stay from 15.5 days to 12 days. "The computerized p...
Secondhand smoke in cars may lead to dangerous levels of contaminants for children
...el. Measurements were obtained under two different ventilation
conditions: all car windows rolled down, then with...ic episodes in children," Rees said. He added that ventilation
won't likely overcome secondhand smoke pollution that sticks to surfaces. "Toxic particles from s...
Low birth weight infants may have cognitive and physical problems when they reach adolescence
...of white matter injury and the need for mechanical ventilation
may be key to improving motor outcomes, whereas the prevention of intrauterine growth retardation (or perhaps impaired head growth) and white matter injury may be key to improving cognitive outcomes. Taken together, these findings suggest that enhan...
Household levels of mold following Hurricane Katrina surpass some agricultural environments
...old throughout their interiors, as well as heating ventilation
and air conditioning. "From our data, it is clear that levels of mold were so high that we strongly recommend that those entering, cleaning, and repairing flood-damaged homes wear respirators that are more protective than plain dust masks," said G...
Penn critical-care physicians recommend strategies when facing requests to end supplemental oxygen
...ther life-sustaining therapies, such as mechanical ventilation
and dialysis." The commentary addresses specific concerns physicians may have about withdrawing oxygen, including how to balance the burdens and benefits of supplemental oxygen; whether withdrawing oxygen might appear neglectful; how to determine wh...
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