Tag: "versus" at medical news

A leap forward in understanding cholera

...ce of human-to-human infection(i.e. fecal to oral) versus environment-to-human infection (through contaminated food or water)? If the infective dose of bacteria that have become hyperinfectious because of recent passage through a human host is much lower than that of bacteria from the environment, this wou...

Good for the heart and the wallet: African-American heart failure drug is cost-effective

...re were almost 34 percent lower on average, $5,997 versus $9,144. When the cost of the drug was factored in, there was still an average savings of 6 percent, or $533, on heart failure-related costs for ISDN/HYD patients compared to those who didn't receive the drug, and a 9 percent, or $1,730, average savin...

Moms' employment affects kids' food sources

...mount of nutrients the children received from home versus foods from other sources. However, the data revealed no such relationship. "We were expecting to find, for example, lower calcium intake from foods from home among the children of mothers who worked part-time and even lower levels among the kids w...

News briefs from the journal Chest, December 2005

...ay arise from long duty-hours with continuous care versus shorter shift models with less continuous care will need to be further evaluated. The study appears in the December issue of CHEST, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians. CAREGIVERS OF PATIENTS IN INSTITUTIONS REPORT ...

Race and gender affect lung cancer clinical trial participation

...ere more likely to be African American (45 percent versus 25 percent of enrollees), female (43 percent versus 32 percent of enrollees), and over the age of 70 (24 percent versus 10 percent of enrollees). The re...

Mayo Clinic discovers two key players in cancer prevention and how they work

...round the world experiments using aneuploidic mice versus normal mice showed that if both groups are exposed to carcinogens, both groups develop tumors. But the aneuploidic mice get significantly more tumors. That prompted the urgent question the Mayo Clinic investigators set out to answer: How does aneuplo...

Common alternative treatment for liver disease is found to be ineffective

...of six months, in groups treated with milk thistle versus placebo treatment. No significant effects were observed on mortality or complication of the disease. Further, milk thistle was not associated with any significant risk of adverse events. "It would be logical to stop the use of milk thistle products...

Radiotherapy improves 15-year survival after breast-conserving surgery (lumpectomy)

...isks of local recurrence were 7% with radiotherapy versus 26% without (a reduction of 19%), while the 15-yea...reast cancer mortality was 30.5% with radiotherapy versus 35.9% without (a reduction of 5.4%). These reductions are highly statistically significant. Another...

Poor cardiovascular fitness raises heart disease risk in teens, adults

...sterol, were lower in study participants with poor versus high fitness. "The consequences of declines in physical activity over time are now evident by the large proportion of society with poor fitness," Carnethon said. "The correlations between poor fitness and cardiovascular disease risk factors sugges...

Tight glucose control cuts heart disease by half in type 1 diabetes

...examining the long-term effects of prior intensive versus conventional blood glucose control. "The benefits of intensive control strongly reinforce the message that this therapy should begin as early as possible and be maintained as long as possible." "The risk of heart disease is about 10 times higher ...

Flexible drug dosing produces less side-effects in people with epilepsy

...d not drop out of the study (76% for flexible dose versus 58% for fixed dose completed the study)," states lead researcher, Christian Elger. "It also shows that studies copying the clinical picture of epilepsy treatment give more realistic data on the balance between efficacy and tolerability of an antiepil...

One day radiation may become an option for breast cancer patients

...o one surgical procedure to receive the radiation, versus 10 treatments over one week for temporary implants. The current treatment standard of lumpectomy followed by external beam radiation therapy is proven to keep the cancer from returning, but 38 percent of women develop significant toxicity, which can...

Intraperitoneal chemotherapy administration prolongs survival for women with advanced ovarian cancer

...en who received IV chemotherapy alone (65.6 months versus 49.7 months). Women could only be enrolled in this study if they had undergone thorough surgery resulting in optimal resection of their cancers such that the largest residual tumor nodules were less than 1 cm in diameter prior to initiation of chemo...

SUVs no safer than passenger cars for children, new study finds

...ese crashes (41 percent) suffered a serious injury versus only 3 percent of appropriately restrained children in SUVs. Overall, injury risk for appropriately restrained children in passenger cars is less than 2 percent. "SUVs are becoming more popular as family vehicles because they can accommodate multipl...

Hopkins researcher links gene mutation with poor outcomes in people with most common thyroid cancer

...percent recurrence in those who had BRAF mutations versus only 5 percent in patients without the mutation. Finally, BRAF mutation was more frequently associated with treatment failure in recurrent disease, according to the study. "By illustrating a higher risk of poorer outcomes and recurrence, these result...

Understanding fatigue in chronic liver disease

...ctivated endothelial cells in the cholestatic mice versus the control mice. The authors suggest that cholestasis is also associated with a broad activation of other immune cells within the central nervous system that produce TNF-alpha. "Given the significant behavioral effects of TNF-alpha within the CNS (i...

Mayo Clinic finds aggressive surgery best option for advanced-stage ovarian cancer patients

... improved the five-year survival rates (44 percent versus 17 percent). Having a general preference towards maximum surgical intervention, Dr. Cliby and his fellow Mayo Clinic surgeons see the results of a survey conducted by the Society of Gynecologic Oncologists in 2001 as troubling, with 45.5 percent of ...

Thiamin deficiency common in hospitalized heart failure patients

...ent in thiamin as the control subjects (33 percent versus 12 percent, p = 0.007). "Our sample is quite representative of our hospitalized population of heart failure patients. We also used a direct measurement of thiamin status--the erythrocyte thiamin pyrophosphate--which is more specific than earlier ass...

Aspirin reduces cardiovascular risks in men and women -- but differently

...ls all involved the comparison of low-dose aspirin versus placebo for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. The analysis revealed that aspirin conferred a 12 percent reduction in risk in cardiovascular events for women, and a 14 percent reduction for men. "Our findings are particularly noteworth...

Stem cell study seeks to prevent heart failure

... three intravenous doses of adult human stem cells versus placebo in lessening damage to heart muscle within ten days of first heart attack. The treatment recently passed an early safety test and has been approved for study in more patients at higher doses. That process will get underway shortly in Rocheste...

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

(Date:7/28/2014)... team of researchers led by the University of Arizona ... The genetic information will enhance scientists, and agriculturalists, understanding ... as enable the development of new rice varieties that ... to help solve global hunger challenges. , The paper, ... ) and evidence for independent domestication," was published online ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... and organic compounds in hydrothermal environments are critical components ... for the deep biosphere, and may have implications for ... about how minerals influence organic reactions. A team ... a common mineral acts as a catalysts for specific ... solvents or expensive reagents. , At the heart of ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have pinpointed a mechanism ... glucose levels in the blood, linking it to both type ... the July 28 issue of Proceedings of the National ... prolyl endopeptidase enzyme located in a part of the ... of steps in motion that control glucose levels in the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Generating a genome to feed the world: UA-led team sequences African rice 2Generating a genome to feed the world: UA-led team sequences African rice 3Generating a genome to feed the world: UA-led team sequences African rice 4Mineral magic? Common mineral capable of making and breaking bonds 2Mineral magic? Common mineral capable of making and breaking bonds 3Glucose 'control switch' in the brain key to both types of diabetes 2
Other Tags
atacamaseattlenovoctaquariumreactivatedsurveillancedeanannouncementcenssisshutdownintramuralatrialpeopleelderlyprevention