Tag: "virus" at medical news
Traditional Chinese exercises may increase efficacy of flu vaccine
...ad indicated improvement in immune response to the virus
that causes shingles, a disease that often afflicts older adults. The use of Taiji as a behavioral intervention in older adults is particularly attractive due to age-related loss of function and problems with even moderate intensity exercise interv...
NIH scientists target future pandemic strains of H5N1 avian influenza
...at target a future mutant strain of H5N1 influenza virus
sounds like science fiction, but it may be possibl...edicting the crucial mutations that would help the virus
spread easily from person to person. Led by Gary Nabel, M.D., Ph.D., director of the NIAIDs Dale ...
Even older women at high risk have little interest in being tested for HIV, study finds
...lder women were interested in being tested for the virus
that causes AIDS despite having significant risk f...oderate- to high-risk for lifetime exposure to the virus
based on sexual history and other factors. Only 115, or 22 percent of participants, said they would ...
Trials underway for 'essential' new TB vaccine
...une system to fight infection. This vaccine uses a virus
as a delivery system for the protein and the results of the clinical trials to date show the highest T cell responses ever induced with a vaccine. "This vaccine is safe and stimulates very high levels of the type of immune response we think we nee...
U of M researchers discover new method to combat HIV
...itor is less likely to develop resistance from the virus
because of its multifaceted approach. Most importantly, research found that the separate components of the drug did not interfere with each other while attacking HIV. One drug is not durable. It develops resistance very quickly, said Zhenqiang Wang...
Needle-stick injuries are common but unreported by surgeons in training
...posed to HIV and HBV and can eradicate evidence of virus
in more than 90 percent of people with acute HCV infection. Previous studies suggest that an estimated 600,000 to 800,000 needle-stick injuries are reported each year by U.S. health care workers. Furthermore, a recent study of a general surgical ser...
Experts predict Tamiflu could halve the pandemic influenza death toll versus no intervention
...oduction can only start once the specific pandemic virus
has been determined. The first doses of a matched .... Tamiflu is active against all types of influenza virus
and will be immediately available during a pandemic if stockpiles are adequate. The big question is,...
Damon Runyon renews its $2.25 million investment to support young clinical cancer investigators
...ents. ATLL is caused by the human T-cell leukemia virus
and a subset of ATLL patients respond to therapy with interferon, commonly used in the treatment of a number of cancers. Little is known about how or why interferon kills cancer cells. Under the mentorship of Dr. William Harrington, Jr. and Dr. Gle...
Avian influenza on people's minds
... recommended temperature kills the avian influenza virus
and only four-in-ten believe that the avian influenza virus
is not transmissible to humans from eating fully cooked chicken or eggs. The methods for destroyi...
Treatment outcomes of patients with HIV and tuberculosis
...do not distinguish between those infected with the virus
that causes AIDS and those who are uninfected in terms of the optimum length of treatment when using rifamycine. "Standard 6-month therapy may be insufficient to prevent relapse in patients with HIV," said Dr. Nahid. The TB relapse rate for HIV-...
International studies show high efficacy for HPV vaccine
...ally active people are going to get exposed to the virus
sometime during their lives," says Dr. Ault. For most people, HPV causes no complications and goes away on its own. However, in some cases, if left untreated, certain high-risk types of HPV can lead to cervical cancer. "The goal of the study was ...
Vaxfectin-formulated measles DNA vaccine elicits long-term protection in nonhuman primates
... by no clinical signs of disease and no detectable virus
after challenge. In a separate study, the same vac...accinated animals had detectable levels of measles virus
at any time point tested, in contrast to negative control animals which all had detectable virus. Me...
Veterinarians at increased risk of avian influenza virus infection
... increased risk for infection with avian influenza virus
and should be among those with priority access to ...rinarians for evidence of previous avian influenza virus
infection. The veterinarians all had occupational exposure to live chickens, ducks, turkeys, geese o...
Human antibodies protect mice from avian flu
...emic, whether sparked by H5N1 or another influenza virus
to which humans have no natural immunity, is of se...ther of the two protective H5N1 mAbs had levels of virus
in the lungs that were 10 to 100 times lower than those in control mice, and little or no virus
HIV and malaria combine to adversely affect pregnant women and their infants
...ainst malaria and have also discovered how the HIV virus
works to counteract this defence. The research cou...cine (Public Library of Science) pinpoints how the virus
targets the immune response in pregnant women. "PAM can be a deadly condition that leaves mothers an...
Syphilis screening, lithium fights neurodegeneration, monoclonal antibodies against avian flu
...iruses and two antibodies also neutralized an H5N1 virus
from a different lineage (clade) that has also cau... the four antibodies in mice infected with an H5N1 virus
from VietNam. The antibodies protected mice when given prior to infection, and up to 72 hours after ...
Experimental gene therapy 'abolishes' arthritis pain and lessens joint damage
...irst with vectors based on feline immunodeficiency virus
(FIV), a lentivirus that attacks the immune system of cats. It resembles HIV in humans, but is incapable of causing human infection. Despite the strong results, however, the team will seek to deliver the same gene therapy with a different vector i...
Hepatitis C negatively impacts HIV
...t persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus
(HIV), who also have alcohol problems, were negati...vely affected by co-infection with the hepatitis C virus
(HCV). These findings appear in the June issue of Alcoholism: Clinical Experimental Research. Co-...
Hepatitis B patients' understanding of infection and treatment deficient
... 36 percent of respondents mistakenly thought the virus
could be spread through sharing utensils. 80 perc...rcent said they knew specific names of hepatitis B virus
tests, but only half knew what the tests measured. 85 percent felt that measuring virus
Adult brain cells rediscover their inner child
...ure dedicated to learning and memory, by injecting virus
particles to light up nerve progenitor cells. Any freshly made nerves glowed green and become permanently marked for later identification. "In essence, we stamped a birth date on new adult nerve cells," says Hongjun Song, Ph.D., assistant profess...
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