Tag: "virus" at medical news
Major grant to IU School of Medicine will expand HIV/AIDS programs in Kenya
...e infected with HIV to prevent transmission of the virus
to their children. The program also will expand efforts to reduce the incidence of tuberculosis, which affects more than 10 percent of newly enrolled HIV patients in the region. The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, announced in 2003, is a ...
Georgetown research leads to first cancer vaccine
...l cancers. Looking at the biological makeup of the virus
through an advanced microscope, Schlegel said he n...racting the virus. "Once we were able to grow the virus
[in cell cultures], things started happening quickly," he said. "It didn't take long at all for the ...
OHSU researchers discover possible HIV therapy in an animal study
...al for fighting infection called CD4+ T cells. The virus
specifically destroys those CD4+ T cells that resi...sible treatments, we study simian immunodeficiency virus
(SIV), a close relative of HIV that infects and causes AIDS in nonhuman primates," explained the stu...
Treating obesity may improve the efficacy of therapy for hepatitis C
...patients chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus
(HCV) and treated with combination drug therapy may have better outcomes if the underlying abnormalities caused by excessive fat tissue are corrected. Weight loss, medications to decrease insulin resistance and extending duration or dosage of therapy...
New understanding of Ewing's sarcoma suggests novel treatment strategy
... hypothesis was true, the research team utilized a virus
that displayed random, but identifiable, protein sequences and mixed the viruses with EWS-FLI1. "We wanted to see what viruses stuck to the EWS-FLI1 protein," Toretsky said. They found a certain peptide sequence attached to EWS-FLI1 in every experime...
Knowledge of infection may prevent spread of herpes virus
...w study suggests that the risk of transmitting the virus
that causes most cases of genital herpes could be ...d lead to decreased transmission of herpes simplex virus
(HSV) to others. But Anna Wald, MD, MPH, and colleagues at the University of Washington and the Fre...
Embargoed materials for Complementary & Integrative Medicine Conference
...V proteins called gp120 that are essential for the virus
to attach to CD4 molecules and gain entry into host cells. Specifically, they analyzed the binding ability of gp120 to EGCG-treated and untreated immune cells expressing CD4. EGCG markedly inhibited the binding of HIV gp120 proteins to these immune c...
Deaths from rodent virus raise need for tracking system
...dence, RI After the deaths of seven people from a virus
transmitted through organ donation in the past two...te incidents in which lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus
(LCMV), carried by household rodents, was transmitted through organ donation. In one incident in 200...
Organ-recipients' deaths prompt call for suppliers of pet rodents to screen for LCMV disease
...ven transplant recipients killed by a rodent-borne virus
that they apparently acquired from donated and inf... recipients died from lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus
(LCMV) that they almost indisputably received with donated organs. The organs came from two donors,...
NIAID study finds higher dose of flu vaccine improves immune response in the elderly
...g America's most lethal killers simply because the virus
infects so many people--some 5 to 20 percent of the U.S. population every year. In other influenza vaccine studies, higher antibody levels resulted in better protection against infection. Conversely, decreased antibody production in the elderly can ...
High-dose flu vaccines appear to safely boost immunity in elderly
...ournals. Vaccines containing inactivated influenza virus
have been available for 50 years to prevent flu an... vaccines contain 15 micrograms (g) of inactivated virus
per strain. Wendy A. Keitel, M.D., Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, and colleagues studied the r...
Biologic therapies lead evolution of Crohn's treatments
... suppressed immune systems and is detected by a JC virus
(a brain infection damaging nerve cells and causin... arthritis, respectively. CSF was analyzed for JC virus
in 6 percent of CD, 16 percent of MS, and 4 percent of RA patients, and plasma in 88 percent of CD, ...
Novel therapy combinations gain ground in treating hepatitis
...gastrointestinal surgery. Hepatitis is caused by a virus
that attacks the liver, triggering painful inflammation and often leading to more serious conditions like liver failure and even death. Several different forms of hepatitis exist, including hepatitis A, B and C. Hepatitis A is generally food-borne,...
Healthy human immune system cells can respond to HIV-1
...o HIV-1 proteins before they are infected with the virus
might train their immune system to respond to the virus
and prevent them from developing AIDS. The study was conducted by Pedro Reche and Derin Keskin from ...
Tunnell Consulting awarded contract to fight avian flu
...on, the highly pathogenic H5N1 strain of avian flu virus
has killed an estimated 200 million birds and infe...n is that rapid spread among birds could lead to a virus
mutation that would sustain human-to-human transmission. Such sustained human transmission has not o...
'Bubble Bassets' cured of genetic disorder by in-vivo gene therapy technique
...eived the lowest dose of the retrovirus vector the virus
that had been engineered to pass on the gene " leading Felsburg and his colleagues to believe that there is a lower limit to the dose before the treatment becomes effective. Since the boys involved in the French gene-therapy study did not develop leu...
Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for May 16, 2006
...e total number of people infected with hepatitis C virus
has not changed substantially between 1994 and 2002. However, the most frequent age bracket of those infected has shifted from 30 to 39 in the earlier study to 40 to 49 in the current study (Article, p. 715). Most infected people engaged in IV drug ...
JCI table of contents, May 11, 2006
...of HIV infection The preferred targets of the HIV virus
are effector memory T cells that constitute the CD...al model of HIV infection [simian immunodeficiency virus
(SIV) infection in rhesus macaques] receiving ART and show that IL-15 administration dramatically in...
Early human trial shows encouraging results for H5N1 influenza vaccine
...hers have found that two-doses of a H5N1 influenza virus
vaccine including an adjuvant* can produce a safe ...day May 11, 2006) in The Lancet. Avian influenza A virus
H5N1 has caused outbreaks in poultry and migratory birds, and caused death and disease in people. Th...
M. D. Anderson: Setting the benchmark in brain tumor treatment
...umor Center. A clinical trial is soon to open on a virus
designed to spread rapidly through the extended fi...es and Trojan horses NCI endorses testing a smart virus
A different and completely novel approach - a "viral smart bomb" - that was developed at th...
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