Tag: "volumes" at medical news

Pathway links inflammation, angiogenesis and breast cancer

...dings in mice. Mice with active IKK had mean tumor volumes of 1,200 milimeters at 31 days, while those with i... and rapamycin injections to inhibit mTOR had mean volumes of less than 100 milimeters. Similar disparate tumor sizes were found when the tumor-suppressing TSC...

Patients with soft tissue sarcomas should be treated at high volume centers

...leaves most health care institutions with low case volumes and outdated or inadequate resources, which impede...mas are better treated at institutions with higher volumes of cases. They used the Florida cancer data system, a prospective database of all cancer cases in th...

Weill Cornell Medical College announces gifts totaling $400M

...erously to Weill Cornell in the past. This speaks volumes of our national and global reach, and it strongly validates the job that our dean, Dr. Tony Gotto, is doing. He is a great partner and under his leadership, we have recruited 15 new department chairs, out of a total of 23 departments, and we have se...

Higher calcium and vitamin D intakes positively associated with brain lesions in older men and women

...in D are significantly more likely to have greater volumes of brain lesions, regions of damage that can increase risk of cognitive impairment, dementia, depression and stroke. Duke University scientist Dr. Martha Payne reported this finding at Experimental Biology 2007, in Washington, DC. Her presentati...

LAP-BAND System surgery improves insulin resistance

...stomach pouch. The band can be filled with varying volumes of saline so that the outlet from the small stomach pouch can vary in size. Thus, the speed of emptying food from the stomach can vary. With LAGB, there is no rearrangement of the gastrointestinal architecture and food that is ingested does not bypas...

More research needed to involve families in psychosocial interventions

...ber had smaller effects than expected. There are volumes of anecdotal evidence about how including a family member in care and psychosocial interventions can improve the mental and physical health of both the patient and family member. For a number of reasons, researchers havent been able to demonstrate co...

Scientists and polar explorers brave the elements in support of CryoSat-2

...d, the challenge will then be to analyse the large volumes of data in order to characterise and improve the CryoSat-2 measurements of changing ice surfaces. In is only through such painstaking work that the challenge of measuring ice thickness down to centimetre level from space can be achieved, and in turn ...

Study of US restaurants shows no healthier foods without healthier profits

...uit executives from companies with different sales volumes ( $1B) and different types of service (Fast Food/Quick Service and Full-Service). The final count of 41 interviewees came from 28 chains and represented 28% of sales from all U.S. chains with over $50 million in annual revenue. Multiple interviews w...

Mayo Clinic study shows drug-eluting stent use in heart patients determined more by insurance type

...s more frequently; hospitals with lower procedural volumes tend to use more bare-metal stents. Hospitals that serve a large proportion of Medicaid and Medicare patients are less likely to use drug-eluting stents on any of their patients. Significance of the Mayo Clinic Study This is the most detaile...

Severe PTSD damages children's brains, Stanford/Packard study shows

...ore likely to have reductions in their hippocampal volumes at the end of the study than their less-affected, but still traumatized peers. It is significant that the change in the hippocampal volume corresponds to both PTSD symptom severity and increased cortisol levels. Cortisol belongs to a class of human...

MGH research award helps women establish scientific careers

...e to support women faculty, and its success speaks volumes about the MGHs leadership in this critical issue" The program is named the Claflin Distinguished Scholar Awards in recognition of Jane Claflin, a longtime supporter of the MGH who has served as a volunteer, trustee, and fundraiser. She led the ho...

SCAI expert panel sets high standards for PCI without on-site cardiac surgical backup

...g without on-site cardiac surgery: Maintain case volumes of at least 200 PCIs per year; Employ highly skilled interventional cardiologists who have performed more than 500 PCIs throughout their career, have an annual case volume of more than 100 PCIs, and meet national benchmarks for procedural success and...

Novel computed imaging technique uses blurry images to enhance view

...ossible to perform micron-scale imaging over large volumes of tissue rather than resecting large volumes of tissue." The versatile imaging technique can be applied to existing hardware with only minor modi...

Chemotherapy temporarily affects the structures of the human brain

...sed MRI to take high-resolution images and measure volumes in specific areas of the brain of breast cancer pa...ar, patients treated with chemotherapy had smaller volumes in cognitively sensitive areas, such as the prefrontal, parahippocampal and cingulate gyri, and prec...

Optical technique provides improved 'virtual biopsies' of internal surfaces

...e can now perform microscopy throughout very large volumes of tissue without missing any locations." While OCT can examine surfaces one point at a time, OFDI is able to look at over 1,000 points simultaneously by using a new type of laser developed at MGH-Wellman. Inside the fiberoptic catheter probe, a ...

Heavy, chronic drinking can cause significant hippocampal tissue loss

...sonance imaging (MRI) scans to compare hippocampus volumes among adult male veterans who were both alcoholics (n=8) and non-alcoholics (n=8). All of the alcoholics had long, heavy drinking careers and were still drinking heavily at the time of the study. "Control" subjects were matched to the alcoholics by...

Nicotine receptors on kidneys may speed kidney damage

...te these substances, extracellular fluid and blood volumes increase. High buildups of wastes in the blood can make a person feel sick. Kidney disease is the most common cause of secondary hypertension (high blood pressure). Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death for all people with chronic kidn...

$83.5 million NIH grant to Pitt establishes Clinical and Translational Research Institute

...d, it allows rapid scanning and searching of large volumes of images. Funding to develop other innovative clinical and translational methodologies will be available to investigators through the CTSI. "While we have a rich history of translating innovative biomedical discoveries, beginning with the develop...

Williams Syndrome, the brain and music

...ces in modalities," she adds. Despite whole brain volumes that are about 15 percent smaller than normal, the temporal lobe, which lies above the ear canal and, among other things, is involved in processing sounds and interpreting music and language, is of approximately normal volume in people with Williams ...

Low birth weight babies with reduced occipital regional volumes at higher risk for visual impairment

...8722; Preterm infants with smaller occipital brain volumes are more likely to experience impaired visual func...hed to link alterations in specific brain regional volumes of the visual pathway with impaired functioning in childhood for prematurely born infants. These fi...

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