Tag: "weight" at medical news
More exhaust inhaled by kids inside school buses than by others in the area, says new UC study
... are less mature and they inhale more air per body weight
per day. "For every metric ton of pollution emitted by a school bus, the cumulative mass of pollution inhaled by the 40 or so kids on that bus is comparable to, or in many cases larger than, the cumulative mass inhaled by all the other people in an ...
ACP guidelines to treat obesity cover diet, exercise, drugs and surgery
...drugs that according to valid clinical studies aid weight
loss: sibutramine, orlistat, phentermine, diethylp... no studies beyond one year.) Further, the average weight
loss at one year is small to moderate, ACP says, and there are no data on whether weight
loss is mai...
Tip sheet Annals of Internal Medicine, April 5, 2005
...ugs that, according to valid clinical studies, aid weight
loss, but says that the drugs have potential side ...of effectiveness and safety. Moreover, the average weight
loss at one year is small to moderate. ACP discusses several types of obesity (bariatric) surgical ...
Metabolic side effects of antipsychotics are known, but rarely monitored
...atrists are doing a "modest" job of monitoring for weight
gain, diabetes and other metabolic problems that m... receptors can predict whether a patient will gain weight
or not during treatment with clozapine." Another study being presented seeks to give physicians and...
ALLHAT study findings for racial sub-groups show diuretics work better for high blood pressure
...newer therapies (including drug combinations), the weight
of evidence, particularly in this multi-racial study, supports the diuretic recommendation," said Dr. Jeffrey Cutler, NHLBI Senior Analyst and study co-author. High blood pressure affects about 65 million Americans, or one in four adults, and its pre...
Lack of vigorous activity linked to functional decline in older adults with arthritis
...behaviors, including smoking, alcohol use, extreme weight
gain or loss, and a sedentary lifestyle. Then, they traced each subject's functional decline over the course of two years.Over the two-year period, nearly 14 percent of the patients experienced a measurable decline in their ability to carry out dail...
Certain weight control behaviors may precipitate obesity among adolescent girls
...-control behaviors may actually contribute more to weight
problems than other behaviors. Furthermore, parent...t may also contribute to their adolescent's future weight
problem. These findings are reported on in the April issue of the Journal of Consulting and Clinical...
Location of body fat associated with cardiovascular risk even at normal body weight
...ardiovascular disease and diabetes, even in normal weight
individuals, according to the April 11 issue of Ar...n the basis of body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight
in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) with a BMI of less than 25.0 considered norm...
Exercise may not be good enough to reduce mild hypertension in older people, Hopkins experts say
...y their performance on a treadmill and by how much weight
they could lift. Improvements were also seen in body composition, such as increased lean muscle mass and reduced fat, especially fat surrounding the waist and inside the abdominal cavity. However, reductions in blood pressure were mixed, with both ...
Obesity and insomnia linked by excitability of brain cells
...ypocretin system. Therefore, he said, "people with weight
and sleep problems could benefit from cutting back on stressful aspects of their lives, rather than trying to specifically medicate either insomnia or obesity." Obesity and metabolic disorders are a major cause of death and illness in the United S...
Probable cause sequences for WTC collapses finalized
... steel as the planes penetrated the buildings. The weight
carried by the severed columns was distributed to other columns. Subsequently, fires began that were initiated by the aircraft's jet fuel but were fed for the most part by the building contents and the air supply resulting from breached walls and f...
Breakthrough findings by Ume researchers link obesity to diabetes
...like humans, that eat a diet rich in calories gain weight
quickly and experience disturbances in their blood... GPR40 receptors are healthy and experience normal weight
gain on a calorie-rich diet. These mice are, however, protected from the complications and diseases...
Adverse outcomes from blood clot therapy may be due to patient characteristics, not dosing errors
... be older, female, black, shorter, have lower body weight
and systolic blood pressure, and have a higher Killip class (heart failure measurement) at presentation. Thirty-day mortality was higher in patients who received an overdose (9.8 percent) or underdose (19.5 percent) of alteplase compared with those w...
Too much water may be as dangerous as too little during long-distance athletic events
...singly large number of runners had actually gained weight
during the race and their sodium concentrations were very low some were dangerously low," Dr. Levine said. "The recommendations listed in the study that fluid-replacement schedules be individualized for all athletes competing in long-distance events...
Drug can reduce bodyweight and cardiovascular risk factors in obese people
...atment with 20mg of rimonabant achieved 5% or more weight
loss, and 39% achieved 10 % or more weight
loss. Patients on 20mg of rimonabant had greater improvements than placebo in waist circumference (a...
Obesity linked to risk of severe headaches
...vere headache attack in the previous year and took weight
and height assessments. Participants were categori...rcent of overweight people, 27.2 percent of normal weight
people, and 26.1 percent of underweight people. Obese people also reported severe pain more often th...
Obesity adds risk of cardiovascular disease in siblings in families with a history of heart problems
...t disease have more reason than most to keep their weight
down. In these families, the Hopkins team found t...y mass index (BMI) in such populations (BMI equals weight
in kilograms per height in square meters). People are considered to be obese when their BMI is grea...
Newborn's first week may be critical period for developing obesity in adulthood
Babies who gain weight
rapidly during their very first week of life may b...fant formula studies in Iowa. Those who had gained weight
more rapidly during their first week were significantly more likely to be overweight decades later. ...
Gastric bypass patients fare better as surgical programs' experience increases
...1 years. Their body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight
in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) ranged from 32 to 86 (a BMI greater than 29.9 is considered obese) with an average BMI of 47. The overall complication rate was 15 percent with a death rate of 0.3 percent, according to the aut...
Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, April 19, 2005
...od sugar levels, or to lifestyle change (intensive weight
loss diet and exercise), or to a placebo pill, found that in the group that did not have metabolic syndrome at the beginning of the study, both the drug and lifestyle intervention reduced development of the syndrome (Article, p. 611). Among those tha...
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